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Hybrid Security Challenges and Opportunities for Security Sector Reform

Abigail Robinson, Jean-Michel Rousseau

Hybrid security, prevalent especially in fragile and conflict-ridden regions where the state's role is limited, is a focal point of SSG/R programmes and is incorporated into major frameworks like those of the OECD, UN, and EU, among others. While organizations like DCAF have outlined hybrid dynamics, this paper delves deeper, offering a fresh analytical lens to enhance SSG/R approaches in these contexts. Drawing from case studies in Burkina Faso, Colombia, and the DRC, the paper provides insights into local hybrid security nuances and strategies to engage with communities for better control, regulation, and accountability. The study blends this new analysis with DCAF's expertise, suggesting ways to adapt current programs and design new ones that are more attuned to the realities of hybrid security environments.

The report offers: 

  • Context-based insights for SSG/R from case studies carried out in Burkina Faso, Colombia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC);  
  • Concrete and broadly applicable recommendations for tailoring SSG/R approaches to a range of hybrid security contexts;  
  • Frameworks to support context mapping and programme design; and  
  • An articulation of key opportunities and risks for partners engaging in these spaces, as well as suggestions for doing no harm, as the stakes of getting it wrong are high. 

Download the Report


Source Acknowledgment:
The information presented on this page has been sourced from an official report by DCAF, the Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance. We extend our gratitude to DCAF for their comprehensive research and insights. For a full understanding and to access the original report, please visit DCAF's official website.

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